The number of people with diabetes worldwide is estimated to be 463 million people worldwide and is believed to continue up to 2045 where world health organization estimates over 700 million people will be diabetic. What is alarming is the ever-increasing worldwide prevalence of people with diabetes of individuals who are 18 years and above which rose from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2019 with an estimated 1.6 million fatalities in 2016 which were as a result of diabetes while another 2.2 million deaths were diabetic related high blood sugar. It is sad when one reads such statistics from the world health organization because diabetes is a preventable condition but our poor lifestyle choices contribute to a large extent its early development, such choices include a sedentary lifestyle, excessive drinking as well as poor diet. The health effects of diabetes to the patient can be severe such as loss of eyesight, amputation, or stroke hence making the person to rely on other people’s support which can be depressing to both patient and the caregiver. Living with diabetes requires lifestyle changes that may be emotionally and physically intense to both diabetic person and the person or people assisting them. In this article we will give you a simple guide on how to take care of a diabetic patient.
The first thing you need to do when your loved one is diagnosed with diabetes is to provide emotional support, they will most likely be overwhelmed and feeling sad. Give them your time, listen to them especially when they need to talk because this may concern their fears about how they may change their life, you can help them plan on how to deal with the issues and assure them diabetes is manageable and they can live a long and full life.
You should help the diabetic person on how to manage stress. Managing stress is important because stress interfere with the production of insulin in our bodies which can be bad for a diabetic person whose insulin production and management is already malfunctioning, one way you can help them manage stress include helping them in learning relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation as well as yoga, make sure you insist on getting enough sleep as well as exercising.
It is important as a care provider to a diabetic person to have an ideal understanding of the symptoms of low blood sugar which can happen if the diabetic individual eat too little or take excess insulin and therefore you need to help the person revert the low blood sugar symptoms which may include dizziness, insomnia, mood change, confusion, hunger, seizures, etc by giving them a glass of juice or a snack. This article has outlined some things you need to know when managing a diabetic person.